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What is an academic essay?

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❶As you read over your essay, consider whether the language you use is appropriate for academic writing. Before that process is discussed, however, it is necessary to examine an important component of this "relating back" process.

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Your introduction should also include a clear summary of the main point of your essay, and a breakdown of how you plan to approach the topic. The poem was eventually republished in a compilation edited by D.

Your essay should not feel choppy and disjointed. Look for ways to segue from one paragraph to another in a smooth, logical way. You might accomplish this by starting each paragraph with a brief sentence that connects it with the topic of the previous one or ending each paragraph with a sentence that links it to the next.

Cite your sources clearly and correctly. Follow the rules of the citation style that you are using to determine how to format each citation e. Instead, every line of the quote should be indented from the left-hand side. If you come across any convincing counterarguments to your thesis, acknowledge them in your essay.

If you can, provide evidence to refute these counterarguments. Addressing alternative interpretations of the evidence will show that you have researched your topic thoroughly and allow you to present your case in a fair and balanced manner. Convincingly rebutting the major counterarguments will make your own argument more compelling to your readers. Write a concluding paragraph. Once you have presented your arguments and evidence, tie everything together with a concise summary.

State, in a clear and confident way, why you think that your argument successfully supports your thesis, and summarize a few of the key points or discoveries that you made. If you have any final thoughts, such as ideas for further research on the topic or questions that still need to be answered, this is the place to state them.

Use a few sentences to reflect on the significance of your argument, and how it might affect future studies of this topic. Your bibliography should contain a list of every source that you made reference to in the paper, however briefly. While the format of the bibliography will vary depending on the citation style you are using, each citation should include at minimum: The name of the author. The title of the work.

The name of the publisher, and usually the place of publication. The date of the publication. If you can, sleep on it and come back to it the next day, so that you can look at it with a fresh perspective. Read over your draft. As you read, look for any obvious issues with style, flow, and organization. If it helps, read the essay out loud to yourself. Make note of anything that jumps out at you as needing improvement.

As you read, keep the following questions in mind: Are there any words or sentences that you could cut out? Is your writing clear? Does everything make sense? Is the essay well-organized? Is there anything that would flow better if it was arranged in a different order? Do you need to make the transitions between sections flow more smoothly?

Check the language and tone of your essay. As you read over your essay, consider whether the language you use is appropriate for academic writing. Keep your language and tone formal and objective. Proofreading is the nitty-gritty task of catching and correcting issues like formatting problems, typos, spelling errors, punctuation errors, and grammar mistakes.

Read your essay slowly, line by line, and correct any problems that you see. Have someone else check your work. When it comes to revising your writing, two sets of eyes are definitely better than one. If you can, have a friend or classmate read over your essay before you finalize it and hand it in.

They may catch errors that you missed, or point out passages that need to be clarified or reworded. Sample Essays Essay Template. Can my thesis statement be in the form of: This might be part of your thesis statement. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Can I use first person pronouns when I write an academic essay assignment? Never use the first person in an academic essay when you are trying to get a point across.

Use terms like "it can be argued" or "in contrast to this point" instead. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Typically, in-line citations are used like this: Last Name, Year , so that the reader can go to your reference list and easily find the work you're referencing. Not Helpful 8 Helpful Yes, after your 1st paragraph and thesis statement, you may use a new subtopic in each new paragraph.

Make sure your information is tied together well. Not Helpful 5 Helpful Writing a good introduction is like an art. However, the best way to write a proper introduction is beginning with general information about the topic 1 or 2 sentences , defining some of the important terms or subject matter 1 or two sentences , narrowing down to your topic 1 or 2 sentences and finally writing the purpose statement or the thesis statement.

Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. Can I use my experience as an example when writing an academic essay? It depends on the type of essay. In many essays, you can. You can always ask your teacher if you're not sure. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 2. Why is it necessary to write an academic essay to persuade the readers about a person's ideas using evidence? The ability to write a good persuasive essay can show a lot about the person and their abilities. It demonstrates their reasoning skills, ability to read and understand a text or analyze data, etc.

These essays also often require the writer to make connections across various texts and link different ideas together. This will vary depending on the topic of your essay and the field of study in which you are writing. In general, it is best to use peer-reviewed works, such as academic books or journal articles.

How to write a thesis sentence on advertising? Answer this question Flag as Compare and contrast academic essay writing and report writing? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary To write an academic essay, start by coming up with a sentence thesis statement that will be the main topic or argument in your essay. Did this summary help you? Some instructors may actually deduct points for attempts to make the paper look longer.

Slang, colloquialisms, and chatty language are not appropriate for an academic paper. Unless you are good at writing quick papers under stress, give yourself plenty of uninterrupted time to complete your assignment. Warnings Do not plagiarize. If you use the words or ideas of others and don't indicate where they came from, you're misleading your readers. It's dishonest, a form of cheating, and it's usually easy to see.

Plagiarism can have serious consequences for your academic career. Essays In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. LB Lisa Bowers Aug 4. All I can say is wow, this has been a whirlwind. Your site is a breath of fresh air. Textbooks are so technical, and learning online is a lonely place when you have a question at 2: Your site makes a lot of confusing things simple to understand!

CC Claire Cromarty Mar 11, In my day I was just stupid, but now I found out I am dyslexic. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is going to be proved. The term "simple argument" can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple.

The example here would be the argument that "Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of writing an essay for a course.

It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the thesis has more than one point to prove. In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to be proven. Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to organize clearly.

In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. An example of a complex thesis statement would be something like: This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to gain in terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one.

Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to be long sections of the essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the thesis picks "the work" of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an important convention of the academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated if not interesting simple thesis statement.

The impossible thesis statement is a kind of corollary of the banal thesis statement insofar as you want to stay away from it. Rather than saying something which is evident or meaningless, however, the impossible thesis statement puts forward something which cannot reasonably be proved, as a result of there being no agreed upon or stable criteria from which to render conclusions.

Examples of impossible statements abound, but the one most related to this course would be " The Plague is great art," or " The Plague is the most realistic of all Camus' novels. Take the first one. What distinguishes between "good" art and "great" art?

Furthermore, the essay would not be able to point to a stable definition of "art", a concept that art historians, artists, and cultural critics have been arguing over for centuries.

The latter thesis has a similar problem since "realistic" is not a stable concept with firm criteria. Making an Argument As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion.

In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized. Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: It is possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship how to things relate to each other but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups.

Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. The earlier example that "Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre" is an example of an argument of classification. Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions.

The earlier argument that "Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of patriarchy" is an example of function. Note that unlike the argument of classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction.

This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof. Establishing Criteria In the discussion of types of argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make.

They fear that they have not said enough in the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis. The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader.

They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven.

To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is. Meeting Criteria Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of patriarchy is.

Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the essay.

Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process.

From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. The film is not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria.

Herein lies the essential importance of "completeness" to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only point to the "gun-fighting" that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria.


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The writer of the academic essay aims to persuade readers of an idea based on evidence. The beginning of the essay is a crucial first step in this process. In order to engage readers and establish your authority, the beginning of your essay has to accomplish certain business.

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Expository Essay: This is a type of academic writing used to create a spotlight on a matter using grounded information and facts. Sufficient evidence should follow all information provided. Sufficient .

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Here at Write My Academic Essay, we believe that effective communication is the Key to our overall success as an organization. In light of this, we have a firm conviction that effective communication with our clients will go a long way in improving the quality of our products and services. Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.

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