Although the invention of the typewriter and personal computer with the keyboard input method has offered another way to write, the pen is still the main means of writing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Pen disambiguation. For the comic, see Ink Pen.
Just for the gel of it". Retrieved March 16, Retrieved March 11, It refers to 'Ivory Handles' with 'Gold Silver or Steel Pens to each', and says that 'new pens may be fitted in at pleasure', indicating that only the nibs were metal. It also claims the pens have 'well-tempered Elasticity' and that the 'Steel Points' are treated to be rustproof, rust being 'a circumstance that has been long and universally complained of in this article'.
August 17, The power of the pen. Calligraphy Cartooning Pencil Mechanical pencil Narayam. List of pen types, brands and companies. Retrieved from " https: Pens Stationery Domestic implements. Webarchive template wayback links CS1: Views Read Edit View history.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. This page was last edited on 8 September , at In early writings, different colored inks had ritual meaning attached to each color. The invention of inks paralleled the introduction of paper. The early Egyptians, Romans, Greeks and Hebrews, used papyrus and parchment papers.
One of the oldest pieces of writing on papyrus known to us today is the Egyptian "Prisse Papyrus" which dates back to B. The Romans created a reed-pen perfect for parchment and ink, from the hollow tubular-stems of marsh grasses, especially from the jointed bamboo plant. They converted bamboo stems into a primitive form of fountain pen.
They cut one end into the form of a pen nib or point. A writing fluid or ink filled the stem, squeezing the reed forced fluid to the nib. Its color when first applied to paper was a bluish-black, rapidly turning into a darker black and then over the years fading to the familiar dull brown color commonly seen in old documents.
Wood-fiber paper was invented in China in A. Paper was not widely used throughout Europe until paper mills were built in the late 14th century. The writing instrument that dominated for the longest period in history over one-thousand years was the quill pen.
Introduced around A. The strongest quills were those taken from living birds in the spring from the five outer left wing feathers.
The left wing was favored because the feathers curved outward and away when used by a right-handed writer. Goose feathers were most common; swan feathers were of a premium grade being scarcer and more expensive. For making fine lines, crow feathers were the best, and then came the feathers of the eagle, owl, hawk and turkey. Quill pens lasted for only a week before it was necessary to replace them. There were other disadvantages associated with their use, including a lengthy preparation time.
The early European writing parchments made from animal skins, required much scraping and cleaning. A lead and a ruler made margins. To sharpen the quill, the writer needed a special knife origins of the term "pen-knife". Beneath the writer's high-top desk was a coal stove, used to dry the ink as fast as possible.
First ones were relatively simple mechanisms, only to become more complicated with time. Today we have mechanical pencils which can write and draw very precisely.
Compared with other art mediums, colored pencil is relatively new. It appeared at the beginning of the 20th century. Here you can read more about colored pencil history. It is easy to write something. But what to do when you make a mistake? Erasers come to the rescue! Since we started to write, we tried to find the way to fix our errors. Until the discovery of the rubber, we used clothes, rocks and even bread.
Read more about eraser history, facts and types. Pencil practically cannot be used without some kind of pencil sharpener. Were they simple knives or complex machines with many rotating elements, their purpose is to make a fine point to a pencil. Read more about pencil sharpener history, facts and types. Marker pens are particular types of pen that can write on almost any surface and have many different types of ink. They can last very long or be erased with a swipe of cloth.
Read more about history of marker pens. Highlighters are useful tools: Thy influenced our lives so much that we can even find them in some computer programs. Read more about history of highlighters. Gel pens are one of the most modern writing tools and are beloved for their strong lines and nice colors. They are used by both professionals and amateurs because of these characteristics. Read more about history of gel pen.
Calligraphy is an old art of drawing letters and symbols in a skillful way. Chinese calligraphy uses ink brush and ink to emphasize motion and represent texts that are charged with dynamic life. Read more about history of ink brush and calligraphy. Crayons in their early forms appeared in ancient times but we started using them in 19th century as art mediums.
The writing instrument that dominated for the longest period in history (over one-thousand years) was the quill pen. Introduced around the year , the quill is a pen made from a bird feather. The strongest quills were those taken from living birds in the spring from the five outer left wing feathers.
The kind of writing implements used at various periods in history have a lot to do with the surfaces that people used to write on. We're accustomed to paper, and even though a lot of our communicating is done on computers now, paper is everywhere.
But they did and were intended for writing on leather. Today, billions are made and sold every year and we almost cannot imagine our day-today life without them. Read more about ballpoint pen history. Wax tablets were not heat resistant. Because of that people tried to find other solutions. They appeared in the form of writing tools that use pigment of some sort. Scribes of Ancient Egypt used reed pens which were made from a single reed straw, cut and shaped into a point. As a surface for writing with these pens was used papyrus.
The History of Writing Instruments Laszlo Biro, a Hungarian journalist, invented the first ballpoint pen in Biro had observed that the type of ink used in newspaper printing dried rapidly, leaving the paper dry and smudge-free. Back in ancient times, the stylus was the writing utensil of choice. Generally made of metal or bone, this long pointy tool was used to incise letters (often cuneiform) into tablets which were covered in .