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Gymnastics Jargon Definitions

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Candlestick - A shoulder stand with the legs in the air, feet pointed towards the ceiling and the body rested on the top of the shoulders. Eagle grip - A degree outward turn of the thumb and hands when gripping the bar. This movement requires increased shoulder flexibility. Flip-flop - Nickname for a back handspring. This is a common movement where the gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backwards onto her hands, and lands on her feet. Gaylord - On the high bar, an execution that involves a front giant arm-swing into a front one-and-one half somersault over the bar, before re-grabbing the bar at the end.

Half-in, half-out - A double somersault with a half twist on the first somersault and a half twist on the second. Kip - Usually performed on the bars, a movement that takes the gymnast from below the bars to above the bars.

It is a compulsory requirement for level 5 gymnasts, ideally performed in a gliding motion. Layout position - A straight and stretched body position. Mat - A piece of gymnastics equipment that is soft and made of polyurethane foam to help cushion landings on dismounts from apparatuses such as the bars, balance beam and vault. It is also used when a gymnast is learning new gymnastics skills.

Nail - see stick Refers to a perfect dismount from an apparatus or a tumbling pass where the feet make no movement once they touch the ground. Okino - A balance beam skill where the gymnast performs a triple pirouette turn.

It is named after Betty Okino. Parallel bars - One of the events that men perform in artistic gymnastics. It consists of two bars that are the same height centimeters and length cm and about 52cm apart from one another. It is also referred to as p-bars. Quad twist - A single somersault in the layout position with four twists. Rail - A horizontal bar that on which gymnasts compete. This includes the parallel bars, uneven parallel bars and the horizontal or high bar.

Salto - A somersault or flip performed either forward or backward. Tap - A term referring to the kick needed to initiate the speed of a circling motion on the high and uneven bars. Undergrip - The type of hand grip used on the bars where the body is hanging below the bar and the fingers of the hand are facing the gymnast.

Also called a reverse grip. Walkover - A compulsory gymnastic element used on the floor and balance beam. The body starts in a standing position, walks into a handstand position and continues into a backbend and finishes in a standing position.

This continuous movement can be performed in either the forward or backward direction. Yurchenko - A vault maneuver that starts with a round-off onto the springboard, a back handspring onto the vault and some type of back somersaulting motion ff the vault. The somersault off the vault will often be a twisting somersault. Named after Soviet gymnast Natalia Yurchenko. Zero - The score received if a gymnast does not perform a routine or does not perform some critical element of a routine. An example would be performing a vault and never touching the vaulting table.

If you have forgotten your password, click here There is a problem with this account, please contact support Please enter email and password. Are you a Gymnast? Jobs Schools All Features. Please enter an email address in the format: Acro - Tumbling skill on the floor or balance beam. Used most commonly when referring to a combination of dance requirements.

Acrobatics - Elements of gymnastics that require control, balance, strength and flexibility. Examples include slower skills like a front walkover for women or corner skills for men. Adagio - A dance term that refers to a slow, sustained movement. Adolph - A front somersault in the layout position with three-and-one-half twists; performed on trampoline. Aerial - A gymnastics move, in which the gymnast rotates in the air without touching the apparatus with his or her hands. Also referred to as a no-handed cartwheel or front walkover.

All-around - A category of gymnastic competition that includes all of the events. The person with the highest total score from all the events is the all-around champion. Allegro - A dance term used to describe fast, quick jumps. There are two types: Alternates - A tumbling pass that connects two somersaults saltos by use of a handspring. Usually refers to a backward tumbling pass. Amplitude - The height or difficulty of a movement. In general, the higher the movement, the better the amplitude and the score.

Apparatus - A piece of equipment used in gymnastics competitions. The common apparatuses used in gymnastics include: Arabesque - A dance and gymnastics pose where the body is balanced on one leg and the other leg is extended up off the floor behind the body.

Arch position - A backwards curve of the body-- usually refers to the backwards curve of the spine. Attitude - A dance pose similar to the arabesque. The body is balanced on one leg while the other leg is extended in front of the body, behind the body or to the side of the body in a slightly bent knee position.

Back giant - A skill performed on either the high bar, uneven parallel bar or parallel bar where the body circles around the bar. The movement starts from a handstand position and ends in the handstand position. Back walkover - A control skill where a gymnast starts in the standing position, arches her into a backbend and kicks her legs over her head to land on her feet in a step-out landing one leg followed by the other.

It is performed as one continuous movement. Backbend - A gymnastic skill where the body bends backwards in an arch position and the feet and hands touch the floor simultaneously. Back-in, full-out - A double somersault with a full twist the complete twist is performed during the second somersault. Balance - Grounded and secure in position. A skill needed for apparatuses like the balance beam or pommel horse.

Also refers to a routine that evenly distributes acrobatic skills and dance movements. Balance beam - A long and narrow apparatus used by women in a routine designed to emphasize grace and balance. It is a solid piece of wood that is four feet high, four inches wide and 16 feet long. A balance bar routine includes a variety of acrobatic and dance skills that last for 70 to 90 seconds and ends with a dismount.

Ball-out - A front somersault on the trampoline that is performed by taking off after a bounce on the back. Bar - An apparatus used by both men and women in gymnastics. Men use the high bar and the parallel bars.

Women use the uneven parallel bars. Also referred to as a rail. Barani - A forward somersault with a half twist performed in the layout position. Blind change - Performed on the high bar or uneven bars. The gymnast performs a back giant, does a half turn on top of the bar, and continues in a front giant. Block - A term used to describe a rapid bounce or rebound off the floor or vault with the arms.

Bonus points - Additional points awarded to a routine based on the combination of difficult skills. The bonus points are awarded if C, D and E level skills are sequenced together in a routine.

Bridge - Another name for a backbend. Normally started by lying on the back, the hands and feet remain on the floor and the body is pushed up with the back arching and the stomach facing the ceiling.

Buck - A short gymnastics horse without pommels. It is often used to train a gymnast on the pommel horse. Also called a pommel buck. Cat leap - A gymnastic and ballet leap where the gymnast takes off on one leg then bends the front leg at the knee while the back leg turns out with the toe pointed. It is also known as a Pas de Chat. The half turns are chained together as the head whips around to look at one spot continuously throughout the sequence of spins. In layman terms referred to as a gallop.

Choreography - A series of artistic elements, ballet movements and acrobatics that create a floor or balance beam routine. Clear hip circle - When the body moves in a circle around the bar without the hips touching. Code of points - The official rulebook for judging gymnastics skills.

These routines have elements and skills that gymnasts in a certain level of gymnastics should be able to perform and are determined by a governing body such as USA Gymnastics or International Federation of Gymnastics FIG.

Also called an iron cross. Dismount - The exit from an apparatus at the end of a routine; usually performed with a difficult twist or somersault. Dive roll - Describes a flying front somersault on the ground. The gymnast runs, leaps into the air and dives onto the floor in a handstand position and does a forward roll at the end. Double back - Two back somersaults completed consecutively in the same skill movement. Double double - Two back somersaults with two twists.

One of the harder gymnastics skills performed on the floor exercise and usually performed in the layout or open tuck position. Double full - A single back somersault in the layout position with two twists. Elbow stand - A handstand performed on the forearms.

Events - The routines done by men and women on the different apparatuses. There are four events for women: There are six events for men: Execution - How a routine is performed; the level of form and technique used to complete a routine.

A good execution might include tight legs, a good toe point, and a stuck landing. Extension - The height and stretch of the legs or arms that are raised during a dance movement.

Flexibility - The ability of the body to stretch into various positions without pain or damage. Flic-flac - Also see back handspring. A common gymnastic movement where a gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backwards onto her hands and lands on her feet. Also known as a flip-flop or a back handspring. Flip - A tumbling element where the body does a somersault in the air without the hands touching the ground.

Also called a somersault or salto. Floor exercise - A routine consisting of a variety of dance and acrobatic maneuvers and is performed on a 40 foot square spring floor. Flyaway - A back somersault dismount from the uneven bars, horizontal bar, or parallel bars.

It can be performed in either the tuck, pike or layout positions. Front giant - A forward circle around the bars starting and ending in a handstand position. This is performed with the hands in a reverse grip. Front handspring - A forward tumbling skill that starts with a step or a hurdle. The body then bounces onto the hands and rotates through a handstand before landing on the feet.

Front hip circle - A forward movement around the bar with the hips resting on the bar and the body rotating around the bar. Front somersault - A forward flip performed in the air without hands. It can also refer to a forward somersault on the ground. The entire skill is performed in a continuous motion. Full - A back somersault with one twist usually performed in the layout position. Full turn - A complete degree rotation usually performed on one foot. Some of our favourite British words.

The story of an imaginary word that managed to sneak past our editors and enter the dictionary. How we chose 'feminism'. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. The awkward case of 'his or her'. Test your visual vocabulary with our question challenge! Explore the year a word first appeared. Recent Examples of gymnastic from the Web On Saturday, more active dogs will compete in gymnastic Frisbee routines, slalom-like weave pole races, agility courses, hurdle racing and diving, in which dogs take a running leap off a foot dock into a 19,gallon pool of water.

To explore what sets gymnastic training apart from more traditional strength training, Tim Ferriss called on Christopher Sommer, who spent 20 years coaching the U. However, there were perhaps none better at the feat than Nigeria's Julius Aghahowa, who displayed all of his gymnastic exploits at the World Cup against Sweden. The dancers—who ranged in age from young children to adults—took the stage to show off their breathtaking display of gymnastic abilities.

Matthew O'Malley wins vault title as Lyons takes 3rd as a team," 14 May The interview with Today co-anchor Savannah Guthrie was excerpted from a larger special about the gymnastic abuse scandal, airing this Sunday evening on Dateline.

The gymnastic effort in the pro-Trump media this week is to use Zuckerberg's congressional testimony as an occasion to criticize Facebook without inflicting any harm on Trump. How to hit Facebook without dinging the president?

First Known Use of gymnastic The switch from macro to micro thought processes made for invigorating and exhausting mental gymnastics. The news of the settlement was followed by even more turmoil at USA Gymnastics, the beleaguered national governing body for gymnastics.

It Must Change," 18 May Martha Karolyi departed the Olympics on top of the world, credited with creating a system that produced a record number of medals for women's gymnastics. In depositions, Karolyis say they knew nothing of Nassar's abuse at their ranch," 28 Mar. In the next Olympics, gymnastics teams will consist of only four members instead of five.


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Glossary of Terms. Aerial. A stunt in which the gymnast turns completely over in the air without touching the apparatus with his or her hands. All-Around. A category of gymnastics that includes all of the events. The all-around champion of an event earns the highest total score from all events combined.

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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable moiprods.tkced material may be challenged and removed. This is a general glossary of the terms used in the sport of gymnastics.

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Definitions and descriptions of common gymnastics terms along with explanations of popular gymnastics skills, with links to where you can find more information. Gymnastics Jargon Definitions. Many terms are used in gymnastics that can be confusing to those not involved in the sport, or who have only been involved in the sport for a short time or even those involved in the sport from a different region.

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An Introduction to Gymnastics. Tumble into the basics of gymnastics with this guide to the different types, terms, and star athletes of the sport. Read the web's most complete dictionary of gymnastics terms written by an elite level gymnastics coach with over 30 years experience.