Andreas draws upon the writings of Ovid and the conventions of Provencal poetry in order to outline the proper behavior and attitudes of courtly lovers. Courtly love relationships existed mainly outside marriage.
Andreas insists that the man must initiate the love affair by declaring his devotion. He fully submits to the will of the lady, who has the power to accept or to deny her suitor. In either case, the knight will continue to serve her. The courtly love relationship thus mirrors the feudal bond between the knight and his liege-lord. At the end of his book, Andreas rejects love. For this reason, some scholars believe that his whole work constitutes a parody of courtly love and must not be taken seriously.
Indeed later authors, like Alain Chartier in the Belle dame sans merci, do not hesitate to expose the excesses associated with courtly love, such as the unfair treatment of men by merciless and fickle women. Much vernacular literature of the 13th and 14th centuries also celebrates the paradigms of courtly love. This infatuation for the fair Emelye ultimately leads to the death of Arcite. Emelye is reduced to a passive bystander, forced to marry against her will.
Historians have spoken of Age of Chivalry in Europe when the Viking raids came to an end. In the Middle Ages a code of knighthood, also known as Code of Chivalry developed that emphasized bravery, honesty, and courtesy.
The Age of Chivalry distinguishes feudalism in Middle Ages apart from the others. Feudalism was not unique to Europe but almost every contemporary kingdoms throughout the world used some form of feudal government.
The society in Medieval Ages was harsh and brutal. The knights were the same barbaric tribesmen that had devastated Rome not long back. Hence a Code of Chivalry was developed to tone down the brutal temperament of the warriors in a Christian setting. All knights were supposed to follow the Code of Chivalry.
It set up standards for the training, and behavior of knights both in and out of combat. The Catholic Church was concerned with harshness and brutality prevalent during the Middle ages. In the opinion of Church Officials knights could show honesty, generosity, and courtesy as also respect to women if they took vows during the knighting ceremony. In due course and over a period of time developed the code of chivalry that was religiously sanctified.
With religious sanctification the spirit de corps of the knightly world gained strength along with impacting upon the moral law of the group. Before a future knight took back his sword from the altar he was required to take an oath defining his obligations.
Not all dubbed knights had their arm blessed and hence not all of them took the oath, but according to many ecclesiastical writers, even those that did not pronounce the oath with their lips were bound to the code by a kind of quasi-contract. Slowly and gradually, the rules thus formulated found their way into texts beginning with prayer, followed by various writings in vulgar tongue. In the middle ages, along with strength and skills of combat, a knight was expected to be chivalrous, that is, the aggressive side of his nature was expected to be tempered with modest qualities of bravery and courtesy, gallantry and honor toward ladies.
The codes that can be deciphered from the song include fear of God, to serve the master or liege lord faithfully, to protect weak and defenseless including orphans and widows, to avoid wanton offence, to live with honor and glory and despise pecuniary considerations, to fight for the public good and welfare, to obey those in higher position, to defend the honor of other knights, to refrain from dishonesty, deceit, meanness, and unfairness, to safeguard faith, to speak truthfully under every condition, to persevere to logical in any assignment or enterprise, to defend the honor of women, to accept any challenge thrown by an equal, and never to show the back to an enemy middle-ages.
There are at least 12 acts of chivalry out of 17 entries in the code available in the Song of Roland. The rest of them relate to combat. The Code of Chivalry, as we see above, prescribes a set of ideals of the Middle Ages.
They formed a part of oaths and vows of swearing in ceremonies of knighthood. Others believe that it originated with the Christian knights of the middle ages. Even if the reality of the knights and their exploits does not quite match the legend, the set of ideals they operated under exists to this day.
Sometimes this behavior is codified in written form. Many times it is not. It is a chivalry we know innately that has been passed through time. It still exists today and it is still relevant to our culture. The concept of chivalry, as we now know it, is traceable to the ancient Roman Empire. It was first conceived in a military context. Later it would be extended to more general behaviors between people. One of the earliest manifestations of chivalry in recorded history was with the Equestrian Order of ancient Rome.
These soldiers established a code of warfare as well as a code of personal behavior. The codes not only promoted ethical behavior, they also increased group cohesiveness. By this time, the Romans were looking to their own past for inspiration. They saw this as a simpler time, freer from corruption and wickedness Gibbon, By the late days of the empire, the Romans also had the emerging influence of Christianity. This religion put an emphasis on limiting ones own behavior, seeing others as equal in the eyes of the Lord, and helping the needy.
Those ideals merged with old Roman ideas of citizenship and early Roman law to influence later generations of Romans. Groups like the Equestrian Order promoted chivalrous behavior in an attempt to hearken back to what they saw as more civilized times Rowe, The traditions they started would carry on into the Middle Ages and beyond.
Ask the average person today to name an example of chivalry in the past and they will likely name the Knights of the Round Table. These knights were dashing Christian warriors. They treated their foes with compassion and respect. They were also romantic icons who honored, defended and respected their women.
It is not known how much of this image is myth and how much reflects reality.
- Chivalry Chivalry, as defined by Encyclopedia Americana is a system of values and ideals of conduct held by knights in medieval Europe. In its institutional form, chivalry was an informal, international order to which many, but not all, of the ruling class (nobility) belonged.
Chivalry Essay - It is apparent in todays society that the definition and application of chivalry has changed through history. During the Middle Ages, chivalry was a .
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! In common day literature, chivalry and the idea of Camelot still captivates a large audience. The figures of knights and knighthood have become largely romanticized. Knights represent the highest of Christian ideals and civility.
Essay: Chivalry It is apparent in today’s society that the definition and application of chivalry has changed through history. During the Middle Ages, chivalry was a code of brave and courteous conduct for knights. Essay on The Moral Codes of Comitatus and Chivalry Words | 5 Pages The Moral Codes of Comitatus and Chivalry Throughout history, there have been different codes of ethics that are often more important to a society that the governing laws of the land.