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A guide to writing an academic paper

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❶The following parts may be acceptable to include in some scientific standards, but may be inappropriate for other standards.

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Useful Phrases for Writing Academic Papers

The basis for your supporting arguments should be the material that has been covered in class and in the readings, and, if required, from outside sources. The whole reason to take a course is to discover a framework for analyzing new phenomena whether natural, social, literary, or artistic , and formal papers are an opportunity to demonstrate that you have learned enough to do such an analysis. It is also crucial to remember to put your thesis up front.

This is what you should be doing during the entire paper. The purpose of course papers is to give the instructor your informed opinion on your topic.

Your thesis is a guide to the view you will present in the rest of the paper. Put it up front and stick to it. Think of yourself as a lawyer and think of defending a thesis as being like trying to convict a defendant, and think of the professor as the judge, not the jury. This means thinking of your sources as evidence.

This works in both directions. Sources that back up your argument are great because you can quote or cite them to build up your evidence, like eyewitnesses to a crime. Sources that contradict what you have to say are important as well because you must present arguments for why you believe that contradictory arguments are incorrect or incomplete. If you found a source that argued that the history of the USSR teaches us nothing about the feasibility of economic planning, then you would have to try to refute it or explain its incompleteness.

If the defendant has an alibi, you have to show that he is lying or that even the alibi cannot get him off the hook. Introductions are just that. They allow you to introduce your argument to your reader and vice versa. They also try to convince the reader why he should care about what you have to say. Start with something interesting and sufficiently general, and then draw your reader in by applying that general idea to the topic at hand.

Introductions should be general but not too general. A bad introductory sentence is:. You want your intro to say something reasonably specific about your subject, like:. See how that really addresses something of substance? You could go on from there to talk about the nature of exploitation, how he defines capitalism and then conclude it with a thesis that explains why he thought capitalism causes exploitation. Conclusions are also just that: Would a prosecuting attorney end a closing statement this way: Conclude by telling your reader what conclusions one could draw from your paper.

Provide her with a moral of the story. The idea behind citation is simple: As a writer, you have the right to articulate your own ideas and opinions, as well as the right to draw upon the work of those who have come before you.

With those rights comes the responsibility to both inform your reader of which ideas are yours and which are not and to give credit to others when you make use of their work. This is your way of showing others that you have both done your research and understand the importance of your sources in developing your own arguments. My preference on style is that you use in-text citations with a bibliography at the end, i.

To give a citation, use the name s of the author s , the date of the specific text and page number s. Unless you are citing the argument of a whole book or article, you must indicate the pages where the specific thing you mention is discussed. It also shows your reader and me that you actually read the text in question.

If you are using an idea that pervades the whole source, then you can leave it without a page number. Just make sure there are no exact quotes or close paraphrases of specific pages. You must provide an in-text not just a listing in the bibliography citation, including a page number, when you paraphrase or quote an author word for word. You must provide an in-text citation when you use statistics that you obtained from a source.

These are the unbreakable rules. If you break them you are guilty of plagiarism. I take academic dishonesty very seriously. You should always introduce a quote, rather than just sticking it in the middle of a paragraph identified only by the citation.

Also, quotes should never be placed back-to-back without any text in between. To write either of the previous sentences and not give a citation is not acceptable. Again you have the right to use whatever sources you see fit, but with that right comes the responsibility to inform your reader where and how you obtained your information. That is the purpose of a citation. When you use ideas or information or statistics, giving an in-text citation is just like calling specific witnesses.

You need to do this to make your case. This is equally true if you try to use the ideas more generally:. To leave that sentence without citation is also not acceptable. Therefore you must indicate where it came from.

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With the profound guidance from our online academic writing service. It is a common occurrence when international students complain on difficult and exhausting educational programs while attending high schools, colleges and universities worldwide. Now, reread your selected sources in details to look for quotable things that support or relate to your thesis statement.

Then type in your selected quotes, each with a typed-in comment to yourself of how it speaks about to your thesis statement. In the next stage, bring together your logical argument systematically and creatively.

You can check out for additional details on assembling your paper. Now write the pages that prologue your central part. Now, closely edit your, almost complete academic paper. Make corrections, adjustments, edits and recheck for any grammar and spelling blunders. Next, you need to write your conclusion. Follow our for your academic paper. Try to make your conclusion precise.

In this section, briefly restate the major elements of your academic paper. Also, show what you have proven with your facts and quotes.

It is ideal to write your opening statement also known as at this point because now you have a complete idea of what your academic paper is all about.

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The first thing that you'll need to understand is that writing in college is for the most part a particular kind of writing, called "academic writing.". While academic writing might be defined in many ways, there are three concepts that you need to understand before you write your first academic paper.

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I keep hearing from college professors that students don’t know how to write well,so here’s a primer for college kids on how to properly write an academic paper.

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Methods of study for conducting academic research and writing an academic paper might differ according to the subject and level of study but the basic structure of academic papers, following remains more or less the same. Citing sources in the body of your paper and providing a list of references as either footnotes or endnotes is a very important aspect of academic writing. It is essential to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against allegations of plagiarism.

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Writing for an academic journal: 10 tips Select two types of paper: one that's the type of paper you can use as a model for yours, and one that you can cite in your paper, thereby joining the. Student Guide to Writing. a High-Quality Academic Paper. Follow these guidelines when writing academic papers, including your Trident University Case and SLP assignments. An effective academic writing style is an essential part of a university.