An organisation can, depending on its requirements, either adopt a standard project management approach or combine multiple approaches. Additionally, an organisation has the advantage of project management software applications which facilitates intelligent planning, constraint removal and monitoring of projects.
The traditional approach assumes that the project scope and goals will remain constant till project completion. Obviously, a project manager plans and identifies project resources based on this assumption. The traditional approach lays down the following project phases:. Since the approach is inherently rigid, many organisations may choose a hybrid project management approach.
The approach assumes that at least one constraint behavioural or process-related is likely to hinder projects which utilise complex processes and a large number of cross-functional teams. The approach recommends the use of behavioural and mathematical sciences to first predict, and then analyse and remove constraints.
The project team can use data to remove the constraints. For example, if productivity is a foreseen concern, then a project manager could track the actual time spent by team members on the job. This approach is useful in sending quality deliverables on time by proactively removing constraints. This approach is suitable for projects which handle dynamic situations, such as, changing customer requirements.
Often, it may not be possible to obtain a full clarity of requirements and a project may purely be guided by market changes. The mobile phone industry, which experiences rapid changes, is a case in point. The project team, hence, plans purely on the basis of the currently available data and depending on requirement changes, modifies plans.
According to this approach, a single constraint can create a chain of constraints and severely impede a project. For example, in a project, if several departments depend on one another, then constraints in any one department can negatively impact the productivity of downstream departments.
Reliable data, collected over time, can even help track event chains. The Gantt chart is a popular event chain tracking tool. The event chain approach, hence, could be an excellent problem solving approach for critical projects. Project management software capabilities have expanded notably and it gives more than just scheduling meetings and activities. A project management tool can estimate the effort, monitor project progress and highlight risks.
It can also preserve historical data on past projects, which can be extremely useful in foreseeing constraints. Once all deliverables have been produced and accepted and signed off by the customer, the project is ready for closure Project Closure The Closure phase ensure that the project criteria have been fully satisfied. All project stakeholders must be informed that the project have been closed and a release plan need to be identified for the project deliverables, documentation, supplier contracts and resources.
Following closure a Post Implementation Review will help to determine if the requirements was met within scope and budget. The following is the major scope management processes: Creating a project scope management plan that documents how the project scope will be defined verified, controlled. Dividing major deliverables in to smaller groups that is easier to manage.
Controlling changes to the project scope 3. The current lease agreement for the multifunctional printers has come to the end of its term. All aspects of the project should be co-ordinated in terms of cost, schedule, and quality and staffing.
For example, when there are changes to the schedule of the project, it will have an impact on the cost of the project and may even have an impact on the quality. The staff an assignment of resources to tasks will also be affected. Essay UK - http: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Project management essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Project management work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This has a high impact on project leadership and is the main factor in team management.
As David Cleland considers a project to be the leading force in the design and the usage of any strategy by a company he takes strategic issues of a project as the premises of its implementation. The Board of Directors is to be responsible for analyzing strategic plan for any project and establishing capital projects.
Stakeholder management is very helpful here, because the board of directors can appeal not to a definite project team in general, but to the senior project manager responsible for the work of the team.
He, in turn appeals to the team members he needs to correct the situation or just in order to control. To launch any project requires a very scrupulous work and some projects are just not worth of it. That is the reason some projects can be predicted to fail from the very beginning without wasting time and costs on its implementation. One of the possible problems that may cause the failure of the project is ineffective planning, as plan is the core of the project management.
Senior oversight, caused by the incompetence in addition to inappropriate organizational design may be fatal for a project. The contingent of the team has to be carefully revised before approving. Another very important aspect is the reality, the reachability of the set objectives. Objectives that are unrealistic form the very start are doomed.
The project has to follow the principle of continuous improvement at any times. As Cleland states, strategic planning occurs through the preselection and evaluation of the future possible results of the given project. The project result is the mission that has to be achieved and fixed. Their strategic goals meet the requirements of project management and realized them in the business their organization was rotating in. Giving a lot of practical information Cleland makes a strong stress on the ability to set clear objectives one more time.
For instance, the example of Wall-Mart: The usage of different critical resources for each goal is vital in obtaining the best goal for an organization. As the cultural ambience has been already mentioned above throughout the review it is necessary to emphasize its meaning in the process of work and implementation of the project.
It influences greatly the interpersonal dynamics within the team members and as there are so many factors to take in count it is very difficult to ignore it. Certainly, an organization with a weak ambience will not perform outstanding results due to the lack of unity.
Unity is the guarantee of a well-coordinated work with the most effective results. People in project management need to manage various projects and for doing it they need to trust each other and not feel uncomfortable with each other. Only under the condition of considering this factor senior can be sure to obtain well-adjusted performance. The proper work of the project teams, being an integral part of project management, starts being one of the primary milestone tasks.
Cross-functional teams represent units that do not just work with one certain problem, but show a functional and system approach towards the solution of a given problem, including various human resources.
These teams are many-sided and confirm the principle of a holistic system. The teams appear to be systems inside of one big controlling system, making this way a great cycle of interconnection. The idea of having teams altogether forming the project management system is completely based on the ability of these teams enable everyone in the company to participate in the design and implementation of different strategies.
These strategies will lately make the organization more competitive. Cleland thinks that the formation of a team is a very important phase in the introduction of a project in any organization. An incorrect selection of team members may lead to an unproductive activity, holding up the rest of the structural formations of the project.
The integration of the teams and maintenance of interpersonal positive dynamic perfectly suits the strategic plan of any organization using project management as their ruling principle. The teams in the huge block the form have to be in constant change and improvement, using as many resources as they can, especially including critical resources. The culture of an organization as a whole gets definite benefits from using the team-structure.
On one hand it gives every employee the opportunity to reveal himself within him team, and constantly move if not vertically, but at least horizontally. On the other hand it endures the commitment to the organization and therefore increases its productivity supported with milestone goal achievement and the phased control. According to Cleland, the implementation of the project management is a very wide process. It primarily deals with choosing a goal, planning the work and executing it.
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Project Management Essay Examples. 24 total results. Project Management and The Tasks of a Project Manager. 1, words. 4 pages. A Culture Analysis of a Project Management. 1, words. 4 pages. Project Management and the Use of the Internet. words. 1 page. An Analysis of the Stages of Business Project Management.
A Survey of Project Management Websites - This assignment calls for an internet search of four project management-related terms and a summarization of three websites regarding one of these topics as well as the Project Management Institute’s website. management methods when looking at technical approaches to a project. Within this essay, I have examined the various merits of pattern-based and more traditional methods to project management, which has led towards several conclusions.
Search to find a specific project management essay or browse from the list below: Scottish Architecture Building The Scottish Parliament Building- A report into Project Failure Introduction Sitting within the UNESCO World Heritage site, the new home to the Scottish Parliament in Holyrood. Project management is one of the most important and critical tool or technique, which defines the entire course of development of any kind of project. Project management works as an ignition for the chain reaction of the whole development cycle.