Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 6 th ed.
No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only. Title of motion picture [Motion picture].
If a movie or video tape is not available in wide distribution, add the following to your citation after the country of origin: Available from Distributor name, full address and zip code. Really big disaster movie [Motion picture]. A history [Motion picture]. Date of broadcast or copyright. Title of broadcast [ Television broadcast or Television series ].
City, state of origin: Title of episode [Television series episode]. Producer Producer , Series title. The rising angel and the falling ape [Television series episode]. Dude Producer , Creatures and monsters. The nightly news hour [Television broadcast]. Exciting action show [Television series]. Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from song writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Recording date if different from copyright date.
Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. Big Pig Music Limited. For more about citing audiovisual media, see pages of the APA Publication Manual 6th Edition, second printing. You might naturally use the term feline many times. In that case, you might consider the understanding of the word feline key to your paper, and you could italicize the first use and perhaps include a definition.
As you can tell, deciding whether you have key, new, or technical terms is subjective. Your paper may have none. Or, if you need to delineate multiple important concepts within a paper, you may have several. Use italics for labels. The Manual gives this example: Boxes labeled empty should remain empty. Use italics for the first case of a new or technical term, a key term, or a label. Posted by Timothy McAdoo at 2: APA Style has special formatting rules for the titles of the sources you use in your paper, such as the titles of books, articles, book chapters, reports, and webpages.
The different formats that might be applied are capitalization see Publication Manual , section 4. The formatting of the titles of sources you use in your paper depends on two factors: The table below provides formatting directions and examples:. Part of a greater whole e. As you can see in the table above, the titles of works that stand alone such as a book or a report are italicized in both the text and the reference list.
In contrast, the titles of works that are part of a greater whole such as an article, which is part of a journal, or a book chapter, which is part of a book are not italicized in either place, and only in the text are they put inside quotation marks.
If you are having difficulty determining whether something stands alone such as a webpage that may or may not be part of a greater website , choose not to italicize. Title Case Versus Sentence Case. APA Style uses two kinds of capitalization to format reference titles, which are also mentioned in the table above: In both cases, proper nouns and certain other types of words are always capitalized.
Here are more detailed directions for implementing title case and sentence case. As shown in the table above, title case is used for the titles of references when they appear in the text of an APA Style paper. Here are some examples of titles written in title case of an article and a book, respectively , as they might appear in a sentence in the text of a paper:.
In contrast, sentence case is used for titles of references when they appear in reference list entries. See how the book and article titles look when capitalized in sentence case in these example reference list entries:. We hope this helps you understand how to capitalize and format reference titles in APA Style. Posted by Chelsea Lee at 3: Winding one's P s and Q s: Mental rotation and mirror-image discrimination.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 10, — The interpretation of dreams and the scientific study of dreaming. Researchers underestimate the variability of p values over replication. The word disgust may refer to more than one emotion. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. For example, see the following articles from APA Journals: Dogs Canis familiaris account for body orientation but not visual barriers when responding to pointing gestures.
Journal of Comparative Psychology, , — Control of working memory in rhesus monkeys Macaca mulatta. Animal Learning and Cognition, 40, — Taking all this into consideration, here is a sample reference to a YouTube comment: New or Technical Terms To determine whether you have a new or technical term, consider your audience.
For example, I might italicize a term that will be used throughout the remainder of a paper about conditioning: The table below provides formatting directions and examples: Text Examples As shown in the table above, title case is used for the titles of references when they appear in the text of an APA Style paper. Here are some examples of titles written in title case of an article and a book, respectively , as they might appear in a sentence in the text of a paper:
A general rule of thumb is that within the text of a paper, italicize the title of complete works but put quotation marks around titles of parts within a complete work. Title of a chapter in a book: Title of a movie or play: Visit the APA Style Blog's page How to Capitalize and Format Reference Titles in APA Style to learn more! Toggle.
The formatting and capitalization of a movie title depends on the style guide you are using for your paper. The Modern Language Association, American Psychological Association and Chicago style place movie titles in italics, while Associated Press style uses quotes for such titles.
Apr 11, · I'm writing an APA style paper for my class. It's about the movie 8 Mile, and I need to know how to write '8 Mile' in the paper. Would I underline it, italicize it, or put it in quotations? Thank you much!Status: Resolved. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
by Chelsea Lee APA Style has special formatting rules for the titles of the sources you use in your paper, such as the titles of books, articles, book chapters, reports, and webpages. The different formats that might be applied are. This guide will show you how to cite a film/movie in APA format. You can also use our automatic citation generator to quickly create your APA bibliography!