No one doubts that their usage can bring a lot of benefits in various spheres. Adoption of this technology leads industries to an entirely new level of production. The historical context can explain the mega-trends in the issue of UAVs. For instance, the U. Then army started to use drones for delivering messages, intelligence and bombing attacks Calder. Such vehicles can perform dozens of missions without risking a life of pilots.
Moreover, drones became smaller and more maneuver. They complete actions that were impossible before. Besides the army, UAVs become more commonly used for civilian purposes. Drones with artificial intelligence can provide surveillance videos and aerial data from different places and heights.
Furthermore, they can make a report on any activity from the air. It opens new horizons in building industry. Companies can use drones for making aerial pictures and analyzing data about the constructing process.
The start up Kespry already uses UAVs for earthworks projects, mine planning. It also assists insurance firms. Robots support the customers with real time data. Another business sphere that needs unmanned aerial vehicles is an agriculture industry. UAVs can monitor the crops automatically. They determine the places where the fertilizer must be added. Drones take geo-tagged images and give real-time feed backs for farmers.
UAVs in Japan are used since the mids to dust crops. UAVs are also very effective for security aims. Large shopping malls can use them for finding thieves. Japanese company Secom created a drone which automatically follows the intruder and can send the information for security or police. Automated capturing provides opportunities in other spheres too.
All can do the drones. Automated UAVs are necessary for inspecting wind blades too. The next sphere which needs drones is logistics. The retail industry can dramatically change in the few years.
The technical giants such as Amazon, Alphabet, and others start to test various delivery services. For instance, the first pizza drone delivery was in Whangaparaoa, New Zealand in November Meola.
The Amazon corporation plans to revolutionize its delivery services. Use our Essay Rewriter to automatically rewrite any essay and remove plagiarism.
Perhaps everybody agrees with the opinion that hunger is one of the greatest and most important problems of the contemporary world. A lot of people think that it must be solved. Otherwise, we cannot say that our world is just and gives all the people the fundamental right to live in dignity. In this essay, I would like to treat this problem wider because when people are dying of hunger it is too l. With the rapid growth of our global population pouring into the next millennium, we will witness an ever-growing hunger rate around the world.
That is unless we call for a revolution on the global scale. The Green Revolution which already sprouted in the early part of the century only need to add a bit more momentum and we will see a bright future for the human race, a future without hunger and st. Climate change is likely to threaten all life forms on earth including plants and animals.
The degree of sensitivity will, however, vary from one species to the other. Changes in temperature and perceptive patterns will affect several weather sensitive sectors like agriculture, forestry, water resources and coasts. The impact of these changes will also be felt on human systems affecting human heal. An agricultural region is defined as an area having homogeneity in relief, soil type, climatic conditions, farming practices, crops produced and crop association.
India is endowed with diverse agro-climatic conditions capable of producing almost all kinds of agricultural produce in one or the other region. Several scholars have attempted to delineate the agricultural regions of India, the promi.
These are those industries which derive their raw materials from the agricultural products. These industries have huge base in our country because agricultural activities contribute about 30 per cent to our national gross domestic products and about 65 per cent of labour force is employed in the agriculture.
Textiles, sugar, vegetable oil and plantation industries derive their raw materials fro. On a scale from Right to Left, right being absolute anthropocentric and the left being the realm of eco-terrorists, I would say that I fall somewhere just to the left of middle. I am a businessman and I believe that profit is number one. I am a citizen of this planet and I strongly believe that drastic measures must be taken to protect it. To most people the preceding statements seem contradictory. Based primarily on the nature of land, climatic characteristics and available irrigational facilities, the farmers in India practice different types of farming.
Majority of farmers in the country practice subsistence farming. It is characterized by small and scattered land holdings and use of primitive tools. As the farmers are poor, they do not use fertilizers and h. Crops growing in various parts of India are grouped in a number of categories on the basis of the nature of the products, its intended use and the importance of the produce in the regional economy and similar other consideration.
Below are given classification of crops for which area and production statistics are published: All crops providing food to man are called food cr.
Subsidies are payments, economic concessions, or privileges given by the government to favor businesses or consumers. In the s, subsidies were designed to favor agriculture.
John Steinbeck expressed his dislike of the farm subsidy system of the United States in his book, The Grapes of Wrath. In that book, the government gave money to farms so that they would grow and sell a certain amount of c. Natural vegetation is the total plant life of a particular region that has developed in an environment untouched by man and is the combined result of prevailing climate, soil and biotic conditions. Natural vegetation in India, below a height of about m.
Natural vegetation in India has undergone a drastic biotic change. In India grasslands are found in wet soils, in salt belt and in the hilly region. There are 60 species of perennial grasses, which make up the fragile ecosystem that supports our cattle. Food strategies must not merely be directed at ensuring food security for all, but must also achieve the consumption of adequate quantities of safe and good quality foods that together make up a healthy diet.
Any recommendation to that effect. It is therefore useful at this juncture to examine trends in consumption patterns worldwide and deliberate on the potential of the food and agriculture sector to meet the demands and challenges of the future. The food consumption trends in the ancient period were governed by the Hindu and Jain beliefs. As a result of this, Vegetarianism was the most prominent system during the ancient days. It was also partly under the surveillance of the Delhi and Mughal dynasties.
Later, towards the medieval period, people learned to consume what is needed and preserve the rest so that they could use them during periods of starvation. Therefore, the trend of the medieval period turned to be limited consumption.
Presently, in the modern era, the consumption trends cannot be defined because people consume food not only for health but for various other reasons too. The consumption trends of the majority of the population are also controlled by advertisements. The consumption trends are partly hereditary too.
Most importantly, the consumption trends of the present day people are mainly to showcase their status. For example, the ones who consume rich food are given higher positions in the society and the rest are treated with lower dignity in the society.
In short, the food consumption trends unlike food production trends vary even from person to person. With respect to each food item, the consumption trend varies widely. The kilograms in which the food items are consumed determine the demand for the specific item thereby, expressing the trend of food consumption. From this, the consumption trends of the present day human society [ India ] are lucid and patent.
Country — Country variations:. The food consumption trend of the people varies from country to country. Food availability has also increased as a consequence of rising income levels and falling food prices. This has resulted in considerable changes in food consumption over the past 50 years in all the corners of the world i.
Global and regional per capita food consumption kcal per capita per day Region. Link between Production and Consumption:. To meet the forecasted consumption rates of the entire population of different countries, great attention has to be laid on food production. The food consumption trends depend on the mode of food production. If the food produces is sufficient to feed the population, then the people can adopt their own consumption trend while if it is not, then the people will have to change the mode of consumption in a way that will satisfy the entire population.
Thus, the link between the food production and consumption is tightly bound and will need great attention in the future when the population will be high and the food produced will not be sufficient to feed the entire population. If it is obligatory to ensure a safe and sound future, then it is equally significant to bring stability and steadiness in the food production and consumption trends of today.
The present day situation of the world cannot be understood. The farmer who is producing the food cannot fix the rate of the food and the consumer who is consuming the food is also not able to fix the rate!
Is the present day food production and consumption: Production, Procurement and Distribution constraints: However, despite all these trends in food production and consumption, there are certain dilemma and constraints with respect to production, procurement and distribution that have to be given more attention.
Improvement solutions are to be resorted by tackling together the problems associated with population growth and food production. A review of the problems of rapid population growth and declining food production and suggestions for resolution are given.
World population has increased over the past 10 years by million. Future increases are expected to bring total population to 9 billion by the year and 16 billion in exponential increases. The food production problem is technical, environmental, social, political, and economic.
Food grain production in India Food grain production growth in phase with population growth: Food production can be increased with more ecologically sound practices. Information about weather and weather forecasting allows for more suitable land management. Shifting cultivation and land tenure systems should involve conservation farming techniques. Organic manures and appropriate use of chemical fertilizers can raise soil fertility. Even if the production becomes stable, there lies a lot of problems in the next stage — procurement.
Urban Market Facilities and Management. Public markets have burned down throughout the world over the last few years because of inadequate structures and maintenance, poor management, fire-hazard practices … or to force traders into new markets.
These blows to the local economy have important financial implications for small traders and entrepreneurs as well as consumers. Existing market spaces and facilities are often insufficient in developing countries and countries in transition. Consequently, many food traders occupy roads around markets.
Urban markets are usually seen as a source of revenue to local town coffers, but those funds are often not reinvested in infrastructure maintenance and better services.
This leads to traders feeling that market taxes are not justified and to unrest when rates are increased. Cold-storage facilities are usually insufficient and rent is often high.
The few cold-storage rooms built by market managers are often inefficient,. Perishable food products, therefore, deteriorate rapidly.
Public markets lack professional management and its continuity. Market authorities have insufficient skilled personnel and are unable to enforce regulations. Consequently, trading in public markets becomes more difficult and, therefore, costly. With respect to procurement and distribution, food retailing and food retail markets can be of great assistance in the modern era though it has not become more effective in India.
Middle and high-income consumers shop at supermarkets while low-income consumers, who can spend as much as 80 percent of their income on food, go to local shops, to market places near their homes or buy from street vendors. Public retail markets have not expanded rapidly enough in newly urbanized areas and existing markets have been unable to accommodate the increasing number of retailers.
Lack of space or new market opportunities in satellite city districts are thus the cause of spontaneous markets which fill an important gap in the distribution chain. However, their unplanned nature may create traffic, health and environmental problems. Hygiene, Health, Security and the Environment Since there is lack of private investments and public contribution, the markets of India lack hygiene, health and other basic requirements.
Though, the government has taken effective measures, there is no much development in this situation. Market authorities usually guarantee cleaning inside the markets, but this is rarely adequate. Toilet facilities are rare and seldom properly cleaned. Water points, drainage and sewage are usually insufficient. Inadequate lighting in markets exposes users to additional risks and increases the likelihood of theft.
The precarious hygiene conditions of established and spontaneous markets, the increasing quantities of waste, and the growing number of Lorries required for food transport, have an adverse impact on the environment, as they pollute air and water, increase noise and threaten public health.
In terms of both coverage and public expenditure, it is considered to be the most important food security network. However, the food grains supplied by the ration shops are not enough to meet the consumption needs of the poor or are of inferior quality.
The PDS has been criticized for its urban bias and its failure to serve the poorer sections of the population effectively. The targeted PDS is costly and gives rise to much corruption in the process of extricating the poor from those who are less needy.
Today, India has the largest stock of grain in the world besides China, the government spends Rs. Distribution of food grains to poor people throughout the country is managed by state governments. As of date there are about 4. The food distribution in India is not effective. It has lot of drawbacks when compared to the distribution systems of the developed countries.
The food distribution system in India is as follows:. Food waste or food loss is the food that is discarded or lost, uneaten. As of , billion tons of food, about one third of the global food production, is lost or wasted annually. Loss and wastage occurs on all steps in the food supply chain. In low-income countries, most loss occurs during production, while in developed countries much food — about kilograms lb per person and year — is wasted at the consumption stage.
In terms of production, the food wastage may occur in various stages. Some of the major causes of this food wastage are improper storage facilities, lack of effective transport systems, lack of refrigerated transport vehicles, ill — maintained roads, attack of pests and rodents, lack of initiative of the public, lack of awareness, insufficient technological assistance, lack of preservation techniques and a lot more.
Management of Food waste Reduction. A quantity of wheat required by the entire production of Australia is wasted each year in India, according to a new report on global food wastage.
Therefore, the best way to get rid of wastes is to minimize the wastage by ourselves. However, some of the waste reduction management techniques are given below: The feeding of food scraps to animals is, historically, the most common way of dealing with household food waste. Vermi composting is the practice of feeding scraps [ food waste ] to worms who produce soil as a byproduct food waste can be dumped, but it can also be fed to animals, or it can be biodegraded by composting or anaerobic digestion, and reused to enrich soil Food waste coming through the sanitary sewers from garbage disposal units is treated along with other sewage and contributes to sludge which in turn is used in biogas plants In any function, food is to be served to the requirement.
Moreover food waste can also be recycled to produce various substances like paper, packaging material etc.. Food preservation and Food Packaging. Food preservation — a brief overview Preservation usually involves preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi such as yeasts , and other micro-organisms although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria, or fungi to the food , as well as retarding the oxidation of fats which cause rancidity.
Food preservation can also include processes which inhibit visual deterioration, such as the enzymatic browning reaction in apples after they are cut, which can occur during food preparation. Many processes designed to preserve food will involve a number of food preservation methods. Preserving fruit by turning it into jam, and sealing within an airtight jar to prevent recontamination.
There are many traditional methods of preserving food that limit the energy inputs and reduce carbon footprint. Maintaining or creating nutritional value, texture and flavour is an important aspect of food preservation, although, historically, some methods drastically altered the character of the food being preserved. Principles of Food preservation:. Preservation of a variety of food items, whatever the method maybe, is based on the following principles: Prevention or Delay of Microbial Decomposition of food a.
Free Agriculture papers, essays, and research papers. Origins of Agriculture: the stepping stone for civilization - Most people do not think highly of the farmer and of agriculture in general.
Amounting to 12 of contribution from agriculture to nations GDP employing 16 of total population of Malaysia, various crops such as rubber, palm oil, cocoa, bananas.
Essay on Agriculture in India Agriculture Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel and other products used to sustain human life. Need to write an essay on agriculture? Check out our sample about pecticides written by one of our writers.
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