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13. LINGUISTICS SECTION

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❶A comparison and contrast between the relative clause constructions in the Chinese and English languages is presented. The rise of English as the international language of.

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Your instructor will assign you to a group, and each group will study the primary research that has been done in relation to a spoken language. This type of research observes the actual occurrence of a linguistic phenomenon, and involves collecting samples of spoken language and describing important characteristics of those samples. Each group will be responsible for constructing an outline that details the description of the project.

Include the names of all participants of the group on all documents created and submitted for this assignment. Formulate a research question about uses of language. Characteristics of a good research question include the following:. While MLA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using MLA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the MLA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

What kinds of creative writing are you involved with through work, school, or your personal life? Write a brief personal essay of , words on your favorite literary example from the traditional English canon.

In essay form, answer the following questions with clarity and precision:. Identify reasons why understanding sentence slots and patterns has a practical application for students other than in a grammar class.

Compare the verb system of a foreign language you have studied to the English verb system. What similarities or differences can you identify? In a separate word document, retype the sentence and draw vertical lines to identify the slot boundaries in the following sentences; label each slot with its form and function. In parentheses at the end of the sentence, identify its sentence pattern. Identify the components of the main verb in each of the following sentences. Your answers will be in the form of verb strings.

In parentheses, identify the pattern of the basic sentence underlying each of the following transformed sentences. On the line beneath the sentence, identify the structural shift in focus that the sentence has undergone: Your three choices are: In a separate Word document, identify each of the underlined elements according to both its form and its function. Form refers to word categories noun, verb, preposition, etc.

Function refers to the specific role the word or word group plays in the sentence: What is wrong with the following sentence, and how would you correct it? Explain the importance of the comma in the following sentence: In a separate document, revise the following sentences that contain either dangling or misplaced modifiers. There will be more than one way to fix these sentences. In a separate document, identify each underlined phrase as a participial, appositive, or absolute modifying phrase.

Using conjunctions and appropriate punctuation, fix sentences that have grammatical problems such as run-on sentences or problems with parallel structure and combine shorter sentences to make them longer. Identify the class of every word in the following sentences. Place your labels below the words: The third section discusses similarities and differences between first and second language acquisition. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the scope, components, and sequencing of the communicative language tasks in the interactive communicative classroom.

Following a background discussion of the shift to the communicative language approach and a definition of key terms, the literature on task-based instruction within the communicative framework is surveyed.

The implications of the research for teachers and students of language instruction are discussed and summarized. Language Acquisition in Deaf Children. Drawing on theories about how spoken language emerges in hearing children, this paper considers how the deaf child learns sign language. The strong continuity hypothesis is explicated and then compared and contrasted to the maturation hypothesis as well as to the weak continuity hypothesis. Drawing on research in both first and second language acquisition, the analysis consider the theoretical and empirical support for the strong continuity hypothesis.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of dolphin communication patterns and systems. The analysis explores the channels of communication used by dolphins, considers the normal environmental limitations on communication related to life in an aquatic versus terrestrial environment, discusses the cognitive and sensory basis of dolphin communication systems, and examines the evidence that dolphins have language.

While the focus of the analysis is on intraspecies dolphin communication, the possibility of dolphin-human communication is necessarily also considered in that assessments of dolphin language potential often involve investigations of human-dolphin symbolic interaction. This paper focuses on a particular aspect of the cultural context of discourse: Accents, Dialects and Discrimination. This paper discusses the evidence from studies that one's accent or dialect often results in discrimination in housing, employment and education.

The problem is discussed in general terms, although emphasis is also placed on how the situation affects Puerto Rican and African-American speakers. Language Shift and Language Maintenance and Identity. This investigation examines the variables associated with language shift and language maintenance, and the relationship between language maintenance and cultural identity among language-minority groups in the United States and elsewhere. The review suggests that socioeconomic and pragmatic considerations are paramount in driving language shift, although dominant culture values which stress the ideal of cultural assimilation and by implication, the superiority of the dominant language encourage shift, both directly and indirectly.

This review suggests that the language-cultural identity link is not consistent across groups. In some groups, language is intrinsically linked to ethnic culture and the loss of language is associated with a similar loss of other cultural markers.

In other groups, however, strong cultural identity is maintained even in the face of the loss of native language. The debate over whether public discourses should be conducted only in the "Queen's English" shows the relationship that exists between power and language. Using a Marxist and pluralist viewpoint, it is argued that the growing diversity of British society requires more acceptance of local dialects.

The African-Caribbean dialect is used to illustrate how dialects are expressive and provide a sense of identity and pride, despite their advantages in the "public" society.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of bilingual code switching. This paper discusses the development of reading and writing skills in early childhood. The roles of oral language, symbolic play, picture books, the use of "metalanguage," and interactive storybook readings are examined.

In addition, it is shown that the techniques for teaching literacy to preschoolers can also be helpful in teaching "at-risk" learners in the early grades. Discusses the value of phonics as part of a reading program for young children preschool through first grade , and the role of word walls to improve memory and increase enthusiasm.

Includes suggestions for making and using word walls. Language and Class in Arabic. This paper provides a descriptive survey overview of class as indicated by socioeconomic indicators such as income, occupational category, and education level differences in Arabic. The primary purpose of the paper is descriptive. The analysis moves from the general to the particular.

The first section outlines the major varieties of Arabic as noted by Arab language scholars and then considers class differences within these varieties. The remaining sections examine more particular aspects of class differences, looking at the use of honorifics and comparisons of within-country class differences in Arabic.

Covers the main stylistic trends of each period with an emphasis on poetic styles , and includes illustrative examples from Beowulf and the works of Chaucer, Spenser, Bacon and Pope. Japanese and English Languages. Compares and contrasts Japanese and English languages in terms of phonology, syntax, general morphology and differing cultural interferences and influences. Simultaneous Bilingual Language Development.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of simultaneous bilingual language development. Following an overview of current theories of bilingualism and second language acquisition as they apply to simultaneous bilingualism and language development, the analysis focuses closely on issues of bilingualism and child developmental issues. To this end, particular attention is devoted to the major contoversies in the bilingual literature: A concluding section examines the implications of this research on simultaneous bilingualism for the discipline of speech language pathology.

A Defense of Metaphor. Looks at the function and value of metaphor in poetry and prose, from a philosophical and linguistic standpoint. Aristotle, Aquinas, Boccaccio, Sydney, and Shelley are cited on the meaning of metaphor; modern English literature is seen as taking a self-conscious and ironic view of metaphor.

How Languages Interact on an International Level. A paper on how languages influence one another through such things as loan words, bilingualism, "translation loans," and pidginization. Argues that, overall, such influences serve to enrich languages. A Discussion of Music and Language. An intensive theoretical exploration of the similarities and differences of the two forms.

Surveys literature in linguistics and music theory in examining the importance of structure, emotion and meaning in the two forms. Japanese Language and Power Relationships. The Acquisition of Language. Analyzes process of language acquisition in infants and children. Defines various stages of language and communication and tole of early childhood education in fostering skill development. Hayakawa's Language in Thought and Action Discusses book's premise that the introduction of new technology shapes a culture's thought models and hence a culture's language.

As an example, the impact of television is considered. Acquisition of Language in Humans and Chimps. Interesting paper which compares two views on language acquisition: Skinner and the "innate" view Chomsky. Language experiments with chimps are discussed, but the paper finds that the inconclusive results shed no light on human language acquisition.

A Comparison of Indonesian and English Languages. Beginning with a brief account of the origin of the national Indonesian language Bahasa Indonesian , this paper notes the major differences it has with English.

Lack of a precise grammatical correspondence among language categories such as adjectives, verbs, prepositions, and passive voice , stress patterns, and pronunciation are noted. Report describes the meaning of slang, its use, derivation, and place in standard American English usage. The Language Acquisition Process in Children. Report describing development of language skills in children. Traces skill acquisition from cooing and crying in infancy to sentence construction.

Linguistic Structure and the English Language. Examines the concept of linguistic structure as it has been applied to the English language, tracing its development from the earliest forms of prescriptive grammar to the most recent forms of structural linguistics.

Focuses on British English. Argues that modern linguists have developed two fundamentally different perspectives on the English language -- comparative versus structuralism. John Wilson's "Language and the Pursuit of Truth". Summary analysis of Wilson's overview of the study of semantics aimed at the general public. The author argues that the key to solving many of the world's problems lies in better communications, and that this can only be achieved by a true understanding of the meaning in, and truth behind, words and statements.

English as a Second Language: Preparing a Curriculum at the Community College Level. A step-by-step guide for ESL curriculum development. Concludes with a detailed lesson plan. Race Identity and Nomenclature.

Investigates the evolution of race appellations for American Blacks, both in terms of dominant white group labeling and in terms of self-reference. The shift from "black" to "colored" to "Negro" to "Black" and finally to "African-American" is examined in detail.

Considers the social forces involved in these shifts in appellation as well as the social consequences of such changes. The validity of Black English as a form of communication is upheld in this study; the merits of bilingualism in Black and Standard English are examined. A Sociolinguistic Approach to Bilingual Education. A book review based on data collected in a case study of a bilingual educational program for Mexican Americans.

Background information and issues regarding bilingualism, as well as a critique of the work, are included. A study of linguistic sexism based on Simone de Beauvoir's "The Second Sex" and Robin Lakoff's "Language and Woman's Place" which analyzes the effect of specific words on sexism and the socializing role language plays. Teaching Methods for Second Languages. Solid overview of the problems of teaching a second language. Focuses on controversy between traditionalists and modernists in teaching methods, favoring modern methods emphasizing verbal skills over grammar.

Linguistic theory, phonetics and phonemics, benefits of emphasis on oral skills, importance of second language education as cross-cultural exchange. The Controversy Over Bilingual Education. Pros and cons of bilingual education. Arguments for are the need of students for special assistance, and cultural biases in English-only teaching. Well-argued overview of the pros and cons of multilingualism in modern America.

Includes background, myth of the melting pot and its lack of application today, problems of modern immigrants, need for educational and vocational opportunities for non-English speakers. While giving good summary of arguments against, makes strong case that bilingual ballots and education should be available in order to make good the promise of America democracy. The Verbal Noun Form in English.

A discussion of the verbal noun suffix "ing" in terms of various theories of descriptive linguistics; phonetics, phonemics, distinctive feature, articulatory phonetics and acoustic phonetics are considered. How and why married Arab students in the Denver area should form a day care center to meet the cultural needs of their children.

Good coverage of legal basics and basic facilities and attitudes needed, but does not develop budget before deciding the idea is desirable. The sociopolitical impact of the Norman conquest, and the cultural influence of French loan words incorporated into the language, are examined.

Old English to Middle English. The losses and retentions of words and structures that took place between old and Middle English are examined pronunciation and elisions are noted. The pros and cons of bilingual education are examined in this study of the programs. The history of bilingual education and the theories of linguistic maintenance, social divisiveness and assimilation are reviewed, with the position that bilingual education is here to stay.

The pros and cons of bilingual education are examined in this study of the programs; the history of bilingual education and the theories of linguistic maintenance, social divisiveness and assimilation are reviewed, with the position that bilingual education is here to stay. A review of Pierce's collection of essays on linguistics, disputing his view that idiomatic expression have no meaning outside of word order and patterns.

This paper is a report on a study by Ernest T. Pescarella and Patrick T. This is simply a report, not a critique of the work.


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Let us help you with a custom research paper from Paper Masters on linguistics, including a focus on morphology, phonology, syntax and semantics. When reduced to the lowest common denominator, the word linguistics is simply the study of human language, which is the foundation on which all communication, whether oral or written, is based.

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Buy Custom Research Paper; Category: Linguistics Research Paper Examples. Show Research Papers in. List View. Grid View. See our collection of linguistics research paper examples. These example papers are to help you understanding how to write this type of written assignments. Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an.

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Writing a term paper is also an effective way to ensure that students can master a particular area of study Working Papers in Linguistics is an occasional publication of the Department of Linguistics of Ohio State University and immediate distribution of research, Linguistics Essays: Over , Linguistics Essays, Linguistics Term. Linguistics (c) Final paper. Students should choose an ESP teaching context that is of interest to them (e.g., Teaching English for Vietnamese Taxi Drivers). Students should (a) describe the context (i.e., identify key ESP features) and explain why it was chosen, and (b) design one class lesson and explain with explicit connections to the textbooks .

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Term Paper on Linguistics: Linguistics is the discipline which studies human languages. The discipline studies the human language in the whole and all languages of the world. Evidently, human languages are divided into the certain groups which have some similar features and common elements. Environment Research Paper Examples. Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, zoology, mineralogy, oceanology, limnology, soil science, geology, atmospheric science, and geodesy) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.