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Essay on Drought: Definition, Causes and Regions

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❶The tanks, wells and similar underground water reserves remain unchanged. Looking at the adversities faced by people in such areas, the government of India has come up with various drought relief plans however a lot more needs to be done to control this problem and deal with its after effects.

Essays on Drought

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Long and Short Essay on Drought in English
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The causes of drought includes the followings:. Evil effects of drought: Like floods, drought is a grave natural calamity that affects Indian life, its agriculture, industry, and economy. Wells, tanks and canals get dried and even the cattle die without water. Farmers and daily wage-earners leave their homes and migrate into other parts of the country in search of employment.

Famine breaks out people face untold miseries and hardships. The cruelty of the angry rain-god, as most of the people in rural areas are prone to believe, makes them suffer from disease and starvation.

Poverty and squalor become their inseparable companions. Sometimes, their tales of sadness and sorrow grow beyond proportion when they find that sowing the seeds for growing Rabi crops becomes impossible due to drought condition. This results in famine conditions. This climatic condition can cause disastrous impact on the environment as well as the living beings. Some of the effects of drought include failure of crops, financial loss, price rise and soil degradation.

Several Indian states have been hit by drought leading to mass destruction of crops and disruption of the normal functioning of the society. Many parts have even witnessed famine leading to the death of several people due to starvation. Looking at the adversities faced by people in such areas, the government of India has come up with various drought relief plans however a lot more needs to be done to control this problem and deal with its after effects.

Some of the solutions suggested in this direction are rainwater harvesting, recycling and reuse of water, controlling deforestation, sea water desalination, cloud seeding, growing more plants and trees, stopping overall waste of water. However, most of these cannot be achieved if the general public does not support the cause. Drought, which results in the shortage of water, is mainly caused due to lack of rainfall.

The situation is problematic and can prove to be fatal for those living in the drought-affected areas. It is particularly a curse for the farmers as it destroys their crops.

Continuous drought-like situation also leads to the soil becoming less fertile. Deforestation is said to be one of the main causes of shortage of rainfall that leads to drought.

Adequate amount of trees and vegetation is required on land to limit evaporation of water, store enough water on land and attract rainfall. Deforestation and construction of concrete buildings in their place has caused a major misbalance in the environment. It lowers the capacity of the soil to hold water and increases evaporation. Both these are a cause of low rainfall.

Rivers and lakes are the main sources of surface water in various regions around the world. In extreme summers or because of usage of surface water for various human activities, the water in these sources dries down leading to drought.

The negative impact of global warming on the environment is known to all. High temperature is also a cause of wildfires that worsens the drought-condition. Apart from these, excessive irrigation is also one of the causes of drought as it drains the surface water.

Though the causes of drought are largely known and are mostly the result of misuse of water resources and other non-environmental friendly human activities, nothing much is being done to curb this problem. It is time the governments of various countries should join hands to overcome this global issue. Drought occurs when a region receives no or less than the average amount of rainfall leading to water shortage, failure of crops and disruption of normal activities. Various factors such as global warming, deforestation and construction of buildings have given rise to drought.

While some areas are marked by complete absence of rain for a long period of time, others receive less than the average amount of precipitation, yet others might face drought for some part of the year — So the severity and type of drought varies from place to place and from time to time.

Here is a look at the different types of droughts:. When there is a reduction in rainfall in a region for a particular period — it can be for few days, months, seasons or year — it is said to be hit by meteorological drought. This is basically associated with the reduction in water.

Hydrological droughts are often a result of two successive meteorological droughts. These are divided into two categories:. As the name suggests, this situation involves inadequate soil moisture that hinders crop growth.

This is an outcome of meteorological drought as it leads to lower water supply to soil and greater water loss due to evaporation. When the meteorological or hydrological droughts lead to negative impacts on the crop yield in a region, it is said to be hit by agricultural drought. This is said to be the most severe drought situation. People in such regions do not get any access to food and there is mass starvation and devastation.

The government needs to intervene in such a situation and food is supplied to these places from other places. This situation occurs when there is a decrease in the availability of food and loss of income due to the failure of crop and the social security and access to food for the people in such areas is at risk. Drought is a difficult situation to deal with especially if the severity is high. Several people are affected due to drought each year. While the occurrence of drought is a natural phenomenon, we can certainly reduce the human activities that lead to such a situation.

Government must also come up with effective measures to deal with its after effects. Drought, a condition that occurs due to no or very low rainfall, has been classified into different categories including meteorological drought, famine, socio-economic drought, hydrological drought and agricultural drought. Whatever be the type of drought, it disturbs the normal functioning of the regions affected. The regions hit by drought take a good amount of time to recover from the disaster caused, particularly if the severity of the drought is high.

Drought disrupts the day-to-day lives of the people and has a widespread impact on various sectors. Here is how this natural disaster impacts the lives of the people living in the affected region:.

A major impact occurs on the agriculture and other related sectors as these are directly dependent on the ground and surface water. Loss of crop yields, low rate of livestock production, rise in plant disease and wind erosion are some of the major impacts of drought. Farmers are worst effected by drought. The crops in the drought hit areas do not yield and the farmers whose sole income is generated through farming are worst affected by this situation.

In an attempt to make their ends meet, many farmers end up in debt. The cases of farmer suicides due to such situation are also common. The cases of forest fires increase during droughts and this puts the wildlife population at high risk.


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Drought is a condition of no rains when the standing crops, mostly rain-fed, gets dried up and is destroyed. The causes of drought includes the followings.

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Essay on Drought: Definition, Causes, Regions and Other Details! The most common cause for drought is failure of rains. The tanks, wells and similar underground water reserves remain unchanged. As a result there is not enough water available through hand pumps, wells and other traditional sources.

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