It outlines the general area of study within which your research falls, referring to the current state of knowledge and any recent debates on the topic. It also demonstrates the originality of your proposed research. The proposal is the most important document that you submit as part of the application process. It gives you an opportunity to demonstrate that you have the aptitude for graduate level research, for example, by demonstrating that you have the ability to communicate complex ideas clearly, concisely and critically.
The proposal also helps us to match your research interest with an appropriate supervisor. Regardless of whether you are applying for the MJur, MPhil or PhD programmes, your research proposal should normally include the following information:. This is just a tentative title for your intended research. You will be able to revise your title during the course of your research if you are accepted for admission. The proposal should include a concise statement of your intended research of no more than words.
This may be a couple of sentences setting out the problem that you want to examine or the central question that you wish to address. You should explain the broad background against which you will conduct your research. You should include a brief overview of the general area of study within which your proposed research falls, summarising the current state of knowledge and recent debates on the topic.
This will allow you to demonstrate a familiarity with the relevant field as well as the ability to communicate clearly and concisely. The proposal should set out the central aims and questions that will guide your research.
Before writing your proposal, you should take time to reflect on the key questions that you are seeking to answer. Many research proposals are too broad, so reflecting on your key research questions is a good way to make sure that your project is sufficiently narrow and feasible i.
You might find it helpful to prioritize one or two main questions, from which you can then derive a number of secondary research questions. The proposal should also explain your intended approach to answering the questions: The proposal should outline your research methods, explaining how you are going to conduct your research. Your methods may include visiting particular libraries or archives, field work or interviews.
Most research is library-based. If your proposed research is library-based, you should explain where your key resources e. If you plan to conduct field work or collect empirical data, you should provide details about this e. How many interviews will you conduct? Will there be problems of access? This section should also explain how you are going to analyse your research findings.
The proposal should demonstrate the originality of your intended research. They are intended to help you conceptualize and prepare a research proposal, giving the process structure and a timetable for you to develop.
When applying for a research grant or a study scholarship, you are expected to hand in a "detailed and precise description of study or research proposal as well as information on any previous study or research projects of particular relevance to a decision of award.
The proposal is not a fixed blueprint. One cannot predict one's findings beforehand or mechanically stick to an argument since the research will inevitably alter or even unseat one's initial expectations. There is no fixed formula for writing a proposal.
First, consult your advisor on length, layout typeface, line spacing, font, etc. Members of the selection committee may have to read a large number of research proposals so good construction and legibility of your proposal is to your advantage. In order to develop a clear title, you must also be clear about the focus of your research! Strive for the title to be ten words or 60 characters: This one page summary focuses on the research topic, its new, current and relevant aspects.
Strive for clarity; your greatest challenge might be narrowing the topic. Review of research literature A short and precise overview about the current state of research that is immediately connected with your research project.
Attach copies of your own publications that might be seen in relation to your research project. Objective of the research project Give a concise and clear outline of the academic possibly also non-academic, e. Your proposal needs to show why the intended research is important and justifies the search effort.
Here you outline the significance theoretical or practical or relevance of the topic. Such justification may either be of an empirical nature you hope to add to, or extend an existing body of knowledge or of a theoretical nature you hope to elucidate contentious areas in a body of knowledge or to provide new conceptual insights into such knowledge.
All research is part of a larger scholarly enterprise and candidates should be able to argue for the value and positioning of their work. Consider your work to be a Work-in-Progress and allow yourself a flexible planning: Stay ready to revise the proposal according to new insights and newly aroused questions and keep on modifying the working hypothesis according to new insights while formulating the proposal and the working hypothesis.
Once you have a useful working hypothesis, concentrate on pursuing the project within the limits of the topic. Timetable Develop a time table if possible in table form , indicating the sequence of research phases and the time that you will probably need for each phase.
Take into account that at this stage, it can only be estimated, but make clear that you have an idea about the time span that will be needed for each step. Selective research bibliography List academic works mentioned in your research outline as well as other important works to which you will refer during your research. List other documents attached to your proposal. Once you have finished the conceptual work on your proposal, go through a careful editing stage.
Their findings as to the cause of rejection are worth reviewing: Based on the above analysis, a carefully designed, well reasoned proposal will overcome these common pitfalls.
It also represents and important credibility statement about the investigator. Since the Study Guides and Strategies Website has been researched, authored, maintained and supported as an international, learner-centric, educational public service.
Permission is granted to freely copy, adapt, and distribute individual Study Guides in print format in non-commercial educational settings that benefit learners. Please be aware that the Guides welcome, and are under, continuous review and revision. For that reason, digitization and reproduction of all content on the Internet can only be with permission through a licensed agreement. Linking to the Guides is encouraged! The Study Guides and Strategies Website is intended for students, ages middle school through returning adult, as well as their parents, teachers and support professionals.
Its resources are intended to empower all learners without regard to institutional and national boundaries; cultural mores and religious beliefs; race, gender and sexual orientation.
Full disclaimer on use. Home An educational public service helping learners succeed since A person grows beyond his work, walks up the stairs of his concepts, emerges ahead of his accomplishments.
However, your challenge is to convince members of the scientific community that you have identified a scientific problem have a theoretical background and a methodical approach to solve the problem within a realistic time frame and at reasonable expenses.
The only elements missing from a research proposal are the findings of the study and your analysis of those results. Finally, an effective proposal is judged on the quality of your writing and, therefore, it is important that your writing is coherent, clear, and compelling.
Writing My Proposal - Sample Proposals. Sample Research Proposals. Review the following sample research proposals. As you review each, consider how each element in the proposal is described and explained by the researcher, consider what is included, in what order it .
Writing assignment series How to write a research proposal* These recommendations do not guarantee a successful research application! They are intended to help you conceptualize and prepare a research proposal. Determine a General Topic The first step in writing an academic research proposal is to idenitfy a general topic or subject area to investigate. Usually this first point is the easiest because the research proposal will be tied to the overall theme of a course.
Mar 13, · How to Write a Research Proposal. The exact format and requirements for a research proposal can vary slightly depending on the type of research being proposed and the specific demands of the institution you plan to submit your proposal to, %(10). WRITING AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PROPOSAL Marja J. Verhoef, PhD Robert J. Hilsden, MD MSc FRCPC Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences.