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What Is the Difference Between Inductive Research and Deductive Research?

What Is Systematic Observation in Psychology?

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What is Deductive Research?
What is Inductive Research?
What Is the Difference Between Inductive Vs. Deductive Reasoning?

This is the main difference between the two types of research. Through this article let us examine the differences between the two types of research, inductive and deductive research. The inductive research aims at creating new knowledge. This usually begins with an area of interest for the researcher. The researcher creates a research problem from this selected field and develops research questions. He then attempts to find data through his observations.

A researcher can rely on various research methods in order to gather data for his research questions. This can be interview method or observation method , or any other.

In the analytical stage, the researcher attempts to search for patterns from the data. In the final stage of the inductive research, the researcher builds the theory using his data and the identified patterns.

This highlights that in inductive research a bottom-up approach is being used. Grounded theory by Glaser and Strauss can be considered as a fine example of the inductive approach in research. This is mainly because, in Grounded theory, the focus is on creating new knowledge through a cyclic process.

A researcher who steps into the field has an open mind, unbiased, and without preconceived ideas. He derives the research problem mostly from the setting itself, and the data guides him towards the creation of a new theory.

Inductive research question example: From these patterns, a tentative hypothesis is formulated that can be explored. Finally, some general conclusions or theories are developed from the results found when testing the hypothesis. Inductive reasoning is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning.

Deductive reasoning is more narrow and concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. In practice, most research projects involve using both inductive and deductive approaches at different stages of study.

Quick Answer Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. What Are the Three Theories of Sociology? Full Answer Deductive reasoning uses a top-down approach. Learn more about Social Sciences. What Is Theoretical Framework?

What Are Independent Groups in Psychology?

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The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.

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Inductive approach, also known in inductive reasoning, starts with the observations and theories are proposed towards the end of the research .

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Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. Deductive research works from the more general to the more specific, and inductive research works from more specific observations to more general theories. Inductive research mainly focuses on building new theories, whereas deductive research focuses on verifying theories. This is the main difference between the two types of research. Through this article let us examine the differences between the two types of research, inductive and deductive research.

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Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive (e.g., an experiment designed to test the hypothesized effects of some treatment on some outcome), most social research involves both inductive and deductive reasoning . An inductive research approach is one that begins with the final stages of scientific research, typically observation, and works backward to form a hypothesis. It is the opposite of deductive research. Inductive reasoning is common among the social sciences whereas deductive research is more common.